The SNP’s latest referendum result, which saw Scots vote Yes to remain part of the UK, is also the lowest recorded result in the UK for independence.
It comes after an independent Scotland has said it will not be part of a new trade deal between the UK and the EU unless it can guarantee a referendum is held.
The result is a setback for Mr Salmond who claimed the referendum result showed “that Scotland is not an independent nation”.
Mr Salmond said the result showed a “clear message” that Scots had a right to independence and that the UK would not support independence unless Scotland voted Yes.
He said the vote had “shocked the establishment” and it was a sign that Scotland was not “part of a union” with England.
Mr Salma said: “This result, this historic referendum, has shocked the establishment.
It has shocked everyone, not just Scottish nationalists but all the establishment in Westminster, all the media.”
It has shamed the Westminster establishment and it is now clear that Scotland is an independent country.
“The result comes after Scottish Secretary Michael Moore told the BBC he was not expecting the result to be a “major factor” in a new UK-EU deal.
Mr Moore said: The result has to be looked at very carefully and there is a strong case that there is no doubt that the majority of Scots are in favour of separation, and they want to see that happen.”
I don’t think we should be making any assumptions or predictions at this stage.
“Mr Salmon said he would be “very surprised” if the SNP did not secure a new deal with the UK.
The Scottish government says it has agreed a £1bn aid package to help build a border between the two countries.
But a senior SNP official said the aid would not be enough to keep Scotland in the single market.